Meta Analysis: Determinants of Dental Caries in Children


  • Attila Yulaicha Advendila Siregar Master’s Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Rosalia Indri Dewanti Master’s Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Qumara Wilda Khulwani Master’s Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Bhisma Murti Master’s Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Riski Aqsyari Master’s Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Dental caries in children occurred when one or more teeth that are decayed (lesions), missing (due to caries), or filled tooth surfaces in primary teeth experienced by children. The aim of this study is to analyze the influence of dental caries factors in children based on the results of several previous studies using meta-analysis.

Subjects and Method: This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis based on data obtained through various databases including Google Scholar and PubMed. This study used articles that were published from 2016 to 2022. The article search was carried out by considering the eligibility criteria defined using the PICO model. Population: children. Intervention of chocolate, candy, biscuits, soft drinks. Comparison: free sugar intake. Outcome: dental caries. This article was collected within 1 month with the following keywords used: "Chocolate" AND "Candy" AND "Biscuit" AND "Soft Drink" AND "Children" OR "Dental Caries" AND "Cross Sectional Study". The articles included in this research are full text articles with a cross-sectional study design. This article was collected by using a PRISMA flow diagram and analyzed by using the Review Manager 5.3 application.

Results: Meta-analysis of 8 cross-sectional studies from Egypt, Romania, Iran, Australia, Poland, Vietnam, Saudi Arabia, and China. Total sample was 19,514 children. The results of the meta-analysis showed that dental caries in children will increase significantly by consuming chocolate (aOR= 0.84; 95% CI= 0.57 to 1.26; p= 0.410), candy (aOR= 1.34; 95% CI= 0.37 to 4.88; p= 0.660), biscuit (aOR= 0.97; 95% CI= 0.67 to 1.42; p= 0,890), and soft drink (aOR= 1.42; 95% CI= 1.25 to 1.61; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Dental caries in children is increased by consuming chocolate, candy, biscuits and soft drinks.

Keywords: dental caries, children, chocolate, candy, biscuit, soft drink


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