The Proportion of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Patients in Circumcised and Uncircumcised Men with Unsafe Sexual Practices in Special Care Center in General Hospital Center Haji Adam Malik Hospital Medan

Juliyanti -, Irwan Fahry Rangkuti, Remenda Siregar


Background: The incidence of HIV was found to be higher in uncircumcised men compared to circumcised men. Circumcision was known to protect and fight against the acquired HIV infection. HIV infection was classified into sexual transmitted infections since it is mostly transmitted sexually (95%). The risk was higher in unsafe sexual practices, such as having multiple sexual partners and not using protections like condoms.

Subjects and methods: This was a descriptive study with cross-sectional design study. There were 340 patients who came to the special care center in General Hospital Center Haji Adam Malik Hospital and participated in this study. Data such as history taking and clinical examination were then collected.

Result: The proportion of HIV patients with unsafe sexual practices was lower in circumcised men group, which was 141 patients (41.5%), compared to uncircumcised men group which was 199 patients (58.5%).

Conclusion: The proportion of HIV infection in uncircumcised men with unsafe sexual practices was higher than in circumcised men.

Keywords: HIV, Circumcision, Sexual practice

CorespondenceJuliyanti. Department of Dermato-veneorology, Faculty of Medicine, University of North Sumatera, Indonesia. Mobile: 082174346045

Indonesian Journal of Medicine (2017), 2(2): 94-99

Full Text:



Bailey CR, Moses S, Parker CB, Agot K, Maclean I, Krieger JN, Williams C, Campbell RT (2007). Male circumcision for HIV prevention in young men in Kisumu, Kenya: a randomized controlled trial. Lancet. 643-65

Boyle JG, Hill G (2011). Sub Saharan African randmissed clinical trials into male circumcision and HIV transmission: Methodological, ethical and legal concerns. JLM.(89)31.

Brewer D, Potterat JJ, Robert JM (2007). Associated with prevalent HIV infection in virgin and adolescent in Kenya, Lesotho and Tanzania. J Elsevier; 217-226.

Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Sumatera Utara (2012). Data survey penyakit infeksi menular seksual dan AIDS/HIV.

Diseker RA (2000). Circumcision and STD in the United State: cross sectional and cohort analyses. Sex Transm Inf. 76:474-479.

Fauci AS (2007). Pathogenesis of HIV disease: oppurtunities for new prevention interventions. CID. 45(4): S206-212.

Fergusson DM, Boden JM, Horwood J (2010). Circumcision status and risk sexually transmitted infection in young adult males: An analysis of longitudinal Birth Cohort. JAP. 213-218.

Katz I, Wright AA (2008). Circumcision a surgical strategy for HIV for prevention in Africa. N Engl J.Med.; 359 (23): 2412-2415.

Kebaabetswe P, Lockman S (2003). Male circumcision: an acceptable strategy for HIV prevention in Botswana. JSTI. 79: 214-219.

Kurt AE, Connie C, Baeten JM (2011). Combination HIV prevention: Significance Challenges and opportunities. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 1:62-72.

Lissouba P (2011). Adult male circumcision as an intervention against HIV: an operational study of uptake in a South African community (ANRS 12126). BMC Infectious diseases 11: 253.

Murtiastutik D (2008). AIDS. Editor Jusuf Barakbah, Hans Lumintang, Sumarko Martodiharjo. Buku Ajar Infeksi Menular Seksual. Airlangga University Press Surabaya, 211-214.

Plank MR (2010). Acceptability of infant male circumcision as part of HIV prevention and male reproductive health efforts in Gaborene, Botswana, and surrounding areas. AIDS behave. 14(5): 1198-1202.

Roloff HA, Otieno N, Agotkawango, Achola JN, Bailey RC (2011). Acceptability of medical male circumcision among uncircumcisied men in Kenya one year after the launch of the national male circumsion program. J Plos one. (5): 198-214.

Sancez J, Rosas VG, Hughes JP, Baeten JM, Fuchs J, Buchbinder SP (2011). Male circumcision and risk of HIV acquisition among men who have sex with men from the United States and Peru. AIDS. 25(4):519-523.

Serwadda D (2012). Circumcision of HIV infected men: Effects on high risk human papilomavirus infections in a randomized trial in Rakai, Uganda. JID. 1463-1469.

Siegfried N, Muller M, Deeks JJ, Volmink J (2009). Male circumcision for preven-tion of heterosexual acquisition of HIV in men. J Wiley. 123(34): 23-29.

Simon V, Hod D, Karim QA (2006). HIV/AIDS epidemiology pathogennesis, prevention and treatment. Lancet. 369(9534): 489-504.


  • There are currently no refbacks.