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Association between Community Perception and Willingness to Vaccinated Againts COVID-19 in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Annita Viesta Nirmala Dewi, Alya Ayu Kharisma, Nailah Salma Inas, Chusna Habiba, Okti Indriyani, Caroline Dharmawan, Syarifah Jihadillah, Hibah Mujahidah, Kharisma Trisiadewi, Nabila Ramadhani, Nurul Jannatul Wahidah, Revi Gama Hatta Novika

Abstract

Background: Covid-19 has been declared a pandemic since March 2020 until now, so the government requires the provision of a covid-19 vaccine for all people. The government's vaccination campaign has received various responses from the public, some people accept and some reject the Covid-19 vaccine. This study aims to determine the relationship between public perception of the acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccine in Surakarta.

Subjects and Methods: The cross sectional study was conducted in Surakarta. A sample of 65 people aged >12 years was selected by random sampling. The dependent variable was the willingness to receive the covid-19 vaccine. Tthe independent variable was perception. Data was collected by online questionnaire (google form). Data were analyzed by chi square test.

Results: There is a relationship between public perception of vaccination and acceptance of the covid-19 vaccine (OR=5.45 ; 95% CI= 2.57 to 11.53 ; p<0.001)

Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between perceptions related to vaccines and people's willingness to receive the COVID-19 vaccine.

Keywords: covid-19, acceptance, knowledge, rejection, vaccination

Correspondence: Annita Viesta Nirmala Dewi. Midwifery Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir Sutami 36 Surakarta, Central Java. Email: contact.anitaviee@gmail.com. Mobile: +6285103027268.

Indonesian Journal of Medicine (2021), 06(04): 430-438
https://doi.org/10.26911/theijmed.2021.06.04.09

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