The Effect of Bima Traditional Baby Massage on Sleep Pattern among Infants aged 5-12 Months

Kurniadi Kurniadi


Background: Massage was a tactile stimulation that has physiological and biochemical effects in the body. Baby massage was a fun way to relieve tension and anxiety, especially in infants. Gentle massage will help relax the muscles so that the baby becomes calm and sleeps soundly. Good qua­lity sleep can achieve optimal growth and development. The purpose of this study was to de­termine the effect of pe'e culture (baby mass­age) on the sleep needs of babies aged 5-12 months.

Subjects and Method: This research was a quasi-experimental study with a pre and post test design in the same group. The number of samples in this study were 30 respondents using pur­po­sive sampling technique. The dependent vari­able of this study was sleep resting children aged 5-12 months. The independent variable was Bima traditional massage (pe'e). Data analysis was per­form­ed using the Wilcoxon test.

Results: Average sleep quality of children aged 5-12 months after treatment (Mean= 2.73; SD= 6.­40) is higher than before treatment (Mean= 1.47; SD= 5.07), and statistically significant (p= <0.001).

Conclusion: Culture Baby massage (pee) can imp­rove sleep rest patterns in infants aged 5-12 months.

Keywords: baby massage, sleep patterns, sleep quality, age 5-12 months

Correspondence: Kurniadi. Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Mataram, Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. Email:

Indonesian Journal of Medicine (2020), 05(02): 142-147

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