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Difference of Calcium Levels in Infants with Low Birth Weight

Sandi Nugraha, Harsono Salimo, Dwi Hidayah

Abstract

Background: Hypocalcemia is a condition that can cause serious disorders, especially in new­borns. The occurrence of hypocalcemia is an event that often occurs in babies born that can be caused due to late parathyroid hormone function in calcium metabolism in the baby's body. Hypo­calcemia is often associated with hypotension and disorders of the heart rhythm, symptoms that are often seen are apnea, tachycardia, lethar­gy, vomiting, and gastrointestinal disor­ders. This study aimed to analyze differences in calcium level between low birth weight infants.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted at Dr Moewardi Hospital, Sura­kar­ta, Central Java, from December 2016 to April 2017. A sample of 158 LBW children was selected using consecutive sampling. The dependent va­ria­­ble is a decrease in calcium levels. The inde­pen­dent variable is low birth weight babies. Data collected by medical records. Data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression.

Results: Calcium level ≥1.13 mmol/L (OR= 0.30; 95% CI= 0.15 to 0.57; p <0.001), no seizures (OR= 0.20; 95% CI= 0.06 to 0.64; p = 0.004), and QoTC (OR= 0.20; 95% CI= 0.07 to 0.572; p= 0.003) decreased the risk of low birth weight.

Conclusion: Calcium level ≥1.13, no seizures, and QoTC decrease the risk of low birth weight.

Keywords: low birth weight, hypo­calcemia

Correspondence: Sandi Nugraha. Department of Pediatrics, Uni­ver­sitas Sebelas Maret/ Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta. Phone/Fax.0271-633348. Email:sssa­n­di­nugraha@gmail.com

Indonesian Journal of Medicine (2020), 05(02): 131-136
https://doi.org/10.26911/theijmed.2020.05.02.06

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